Symbolic system of Turks


The Symbolic and tamga system was on a special place in the Old Turkic society. This tradition was closely related to the time of the Hunnic era. Old Turkic symbols and tamgas are part of the common Turkic cultural heritage. The symbols were widely used in emblems and others of a family, tribe, and even ethnopolitical unions or ruling Kaghan dynasty, which played special and important role in the political and social life of the Old Turkic society. The symbols were an important legal mechanism regulating the relationships between different social and other groups in the society, especially in the making decision on issues related to different ownership in nomadic society.

aGmT - Tamγa> tamga. Numerous nomadic ethnics mentioned in old Turkic inscriptions such as Nine oghuz, Eight oghuz, Three oghuz, Turgesh, On ok, Kyrkyz, Kurykan, Chick, Karluk, Basmyl, Otuz Tatar, Qytan, Tataby, and others had their own special tanbas  and symbols. There were common tribal symbols (tanbas), arising from them tanbas, as well as personal, family, clannish, tribal, which were political and social symbols for defining social status of the owners of power and property.

The Old Turks called these symbols "tamγa", this word had two meanings. The first one is "the symbol of clans and tribes", the second meaning is the "golden seal of the kaghan". In Old Turkic bitik language (on the ancient monumental inscriptions), the word "tap // tab" (semantics: trace, remainder, "to trample, trace") // tam - semantics: (semantics: cauterize, drip, stamp) > tamγan (tamγa+n / tamγa+ čï - semantics: seal maker, stamp seal holder)> taŋba (symbol), in this sequence the word developed. In Old Mongolian language, taba> taw (taby), tamaγa> is preserved in the form of tamaga> tamga (symbol).

Mahir Öztürk 12 December, 2021

Tam-Tab kökü Arapça sanılıyor. Örn: Tabib, Tab "basmak", ib ise "el". Yaraya elbasan anlaminda kullanılıyor. Çok buyük bir leksik yuvası bu tab. Pek çok sözcük türetilmiş.

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